标签归档:人性

复杂的世界和人性

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一个社会通常有一种所谓的主流三观。但在此之外,也许还有千万种所谓不占主流的三观。

我有一个老前辈朋友,在中国这个大环境下,居然10多年前就信了基督,同时他也是党员,还在攻读博士期间以研究毛泽东思想为课题,和他聊天时,他能跟我们讲党章上为什么没有强调无神论的历史渊源。

同样,这位朋友的朋友,在信基督的同时,还积极传播福音。她跟我说,她不久前将福音传给了她80多岁的老师,这位老先生居然一改此前信佛,并将那些菩萨等神物一并投入江中。

我与各宗教都有接触,但依然没有加入任何教派,我也不知道是为什么,也许很难被人洗脑?不过,我对各宗教人士都很尊敬,没有半点非议。我也相信,如果能坚持和贯彻某个健康的宗教,它是对人生的一种不算坏的指导,一种生活方式,一种处事原则。

同样,在一次坐出租车时,司机和我大谈他的五个女友——已婚男士同时交五个已婚女友。我内心对他这种追求证明自己实力方式当然持保留态度,但是这么一个活生生的故事,让我觉得人性实在是复杂。

有的人通过信教,认为自己找到了神,也找到了自我。他们用这种方式使自己的生活过得更充实,更有原则,爱人,也被人爱。而也有一些人,不论世俗的道德观,追寻自己的内心快感,极力满足自己,也满足别人。

他们可能都认为自己是对的。我当然也不置可否。只是再一次提醒我自己,人性真是复杂。这个世界就是复杂的,承认这一点是认识世界的前提。

在Steemit上,什么算过度自我点赞?

@ivysrono 提到一个问题,什么是过度自我点赞?这个问题在我心中也一直不是太清楚,甚至有时候感到很困惑。

Steemit中的写作收入需要别人点赞文章。而Steemit在写作的编辑器界面和文章浏览界面也完全可以给自己点赞。可见Steemit系统本身允许自我点赞。人的自私天性也并不排斥自我点赞。就像搞投票的时候,你自己都不投自己一票,那怎么还能希望别人会投你的票?

但是,我们都不喜欢别人过分自私,过度自我点赞就是过度自私,在Steemit上不受欢迎,甚至会导致路见不平的大鲸们直接踩到底——你如果看不惯也可以踩别人的过度自我点赞。

那么,过度自我点赞的界限在哪里?曾有人提到过,那就是:假设你的文章是别人的,那你按给别人点赞多少就给自己点赞多少。这其实就是所谓的“己所不欲,勿施于人”。

不过,我觉得这条规则不太好执行。Steemit系统本身在编辑器可以默认自动给自己点赞,并且是100%点赞权重,但如果我们给别人点赞都是100%的话,那平均每天最多能点11次。这显然对我来讲无法鼓励到更多的人。

另一方面,我们也似乎无法以绝对数目来定义过度自我点赞,因为Steem Power多的大鲸哪怕1%的点赞价值也比小鱼们100%的点赞价值强太多。

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Image credit to https://pixabay.com

我个人认为,一个用户每天能产生的点赞总价值是一定的,如果其中只有少部分点赞价值给了自己,那么就不应该算过度自我点赞。这是一个相对值。我下面用数字提出一种大概的所谓过度自我点赞的参考指标。

我们假设每个用户每天自我点赞一次,并且允许使用系统编辑器默认的100%点赞权重——系统允许的设置,并且在点赞能量为100%的时候点赞。

每次100%权重点赞会消耗当前剩余点赞能量的2%,系统每天会自动恢复20%的点赞能量。如此计算,从100%的点赞能量开始,每次以100%的点赞权重点赞,需要大约11次点赞,即可将点赞能量从100%消耗到80%((1-2%)^11=80%)。

假设在100%点赞能量100%点赞权重下点赞价值为100美元,那么第11次点赞的价值将依次递减至约81.70美元,那么一天内这11次点赞的总价值约为996.34美元。

记住,用户给自己点赞那一次获得了100美元,而该用户这一天总点赞价值为996.34美元,所以,用户的自我点赞比例为100/996.34=10.0%,也就是说,只要给自己的点赞价值不超过自己产生的点赞总价值的10%,我们可以认为该用户的自我点赞不算过度自我点赞!

你不必亲自计算,这个网站可以很方便地查询到每个用户过去两周的自我点赞比例,输入用户名即可。你不必查我, @tumutanzi 通常的自我点赞比例为低于10%。这篇文章统计了15个大鲸的自我点赞比例,有6个大鲸的自我点赞比例超过10%,情况不是那么坏。这篇文章统计了Steemit上收入排行前100名的作者们的自我点赞比例。各个比例都有,大概一如复杂的人性,很难得出统一结论。

我这里提出的10%的比例界限显然是基于我的观点,在自我点赞和照顾别人的角度之间取得一个平衡,就像我以前说的,把蛋糕做大,但注意吃相。我佩服那些高风亮节的作者完全不给自己点赞。但我绝对不会用这个道德标准去指责别人。如果过度自我点赞真的是一个严重的问题,那需要从制度设计和修改上去解决,而不应该寄希望于道德标准。

欢迎留言,发表你关于过度自我点赞的见解。


https://steemit.com 首发。感谢阅读,欢迎Follow, Upvote, Reply, Resteem (repost) @tumutanzi 激励我创作更多更好的内容。

全世界人性都一样

Quora最佳问答(Best of Quora 2010-2012)里有一个问题:What have you learned as a police officer about life and society that most people don’t know or underestimate?(当了警察,你发现了些什么你过去不了解或者一直忽视的东西?)

一退休警察兼刑事审判教授(Tim Dees)的回答获得最多评价,我也觉得若有所思。其答案如下:

  1. One of the things my upbringing did not prepare me for was the complete lack of civility that some people have. I didn’t think of myself as having been sheltered from evil as a child, but I did not learn that some people have absolutely no regard for the welfare of anyone but themselves, and lash out at anyone who tries to make them aware they are not the only people on the planet.
  2. Everyone has a “hot button.” Calm and even-tempered as you might be, there is some topic that will set you off, especially if it’s referenced to you personally. It might be your height, your weight, your sexuality, your education, how much money you have, your mom, whatever. Rational people can become maniacs if someone pushes their buttons.
  3. Although they may not know it, there are people who find these hot buttons instinctively, and they live to push them.
  4. Never underestimate what people will do for sex, money, and/or power. That applies to everyone, from the basest criminal to the most saint-like person you know.
  5. People can be sexually aroused by almost anything.
  6. There are practices people engage in for sexual reasons that you will find baffling and utterly disgusting. You can gain some limited insight here by going to a reasonably-well-stocked adult bookstore and examining the diversity of the materials. If your thing is watching overweight Asian women give each other enemas, there are not just other people who enjoy the same thing, there is probably a regular magazine and series of videos devoted to it.
  7. No matter how bizarre you find other folks’ sexual preferences, you have to be at peace with knowing that what consenting adults do in private is their business alone. If they decide to take it public or engage people who either don’t consent or are too young to do so, you can get involved.
  8. Law enforcement is a very stressful occupation, but most of the stress comes from the political interactions and power games within each law enforcement agency. The stuff on the street can be stressful, but you learn to deal with that quickly or you get out. About half of the people who become law enforcement officers leave before they have five years on the job. Some get fired for unsuitability, incompetence, or misconduct, but others find out it’s just not for them.
  9. High-speed chases look like fun because they are.
  10. Once you become a cop, very few of your non-cop friends will ever again treat you the same way. You will be introduced by your profession for the rest of your life. People are never going to be comfortable with the group charged with detecting and making them accountable for their bad conduct.
  11. Many criminals can be reformed, and eventually do come to the point in their lives that a criminal lifestyle is more trouble than it’s worth to them. Unfortunately, by the time some of them do that, they have incurred a prison sentence that will keep them behind bars until they die.
  12. Criminals who do not fit into the above category are mostly predators, and should be locked up permanently.
  13. Never say, “Now I’ve seen it all.” There will always be innovators.
  14. Take away alcohol and stupid, and the world would require about 90% fewer cops.

他的答案,从一个警察的角度来分析总结了这个问题,涉及到人性中方方面面,尤其是性、金钱、权力,全世界的人们都一样。